Agreement Disaster

During the emergency phase, the Declaration called on the United Nations to take the lead in mobilizing the international community to support national emergency relief programmes in the role of national coordinators. International financial institutions are called upon to take the lead during the recovery and reconstruction phase, at the request and management of the country concerned, in order to support the respective national programmes of the affected countries. In terms of prevention and mitigation, the declaration calls for support for the various ASEAN initiatives and programmes agreed upon, the development of a regional disaster management and emergency measures instrument, the establishment of tsunami early warning systems for the Indian Ocean and the Southeast Asian region, as well as the implementation of other preventive measures such as education and public awareness and capacity building. 53. Statement on measures to strengthen emergency aid, rehabilitation, reconstruction and prevention after the aftermath of the earthquake and tsunami of 26 December 2004, 6 January 2005, online: ASEAN . It recognizes that the state plays a major role in reducing disaster risk, but that responsibility should be shared with other stakeholders, including local authorities, the private sector and other stakeholders. 41. UNOCHA-ROAP, “Disaster Response in Asia and the Pacific: A Guide to International Tools and Services,” online: UNOCHA at 16-20; Elizabeth FERRIS and Daniel PETZ, “In the Neighbourhood: The Growing Role of Regional Organizations in Disaster Risk Management,” Brookings Institution, Brookings-LSE Project on Internal Displacement, February 2013, online: Brookings Institution 63-76 years old. 106. CARREON, Lilian Mercado, “Working with ASEAN on Disaster Risk Reduction and Disaster Management” Humanitarian Exchange Magazine (May 2011) Google Scholar, online: Overseas Development Institute: . 13. For example, in developing countries, disasters result in an average loss of 2% of GDP for up to five years.

See World Bank Group, “Investing in Resilience” (2015), online: Global Facility for Disaster Risk Reduction to 5. Disaster risk management should be based on an understanding of disaster risks in all its dimensions of vulnerability, capacity, exposure of people and assets, hazard characteristics and the environment. This knowledge can be used for risk assessment, prevention, mitigation, prevention and response. 11) The Inter-American Convention for disaster relief facilitation of 7 June 1991, OAS Series A-54 treaty (1996) (entered into force on 16 October 1996); Agreement establishing the Caribbean Emergency Management Agency, February 26, 1991, U.N.T.S. 2256 (entered into force on May 19, 2002); The agreement between the governments of the participating States of the Black Sea Region (BSEC) on cooperation in emergency relief and emergency response in the event of natural and man-made disasters of 15 April 1998 (entered into force on 1 May 1999), online: BSEC .

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